A joint health action plan launched to address threats to human, animal, plant and environmental health

A new Joint One Health Action Plan was launched today by the quadrilateral organization – the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Health Organization animals (WOAH, founded as OIE).

This first joint plan for One Health aims to create a framework for integrating systems and capacity so that together we can better prevent, anticipate, detect and respond to health threats. Ultimately, this initiative seeks to improve human, animal, plant and environmental health while contributing to sustainable development.

The One Health Joint Action Plan, developed through a participatory process, provides a set of activities that aim to strengthen collaboration, communication, capacity building and coordination equally across all sectors responsible for addressing human health issues , animals, plants and the environment. interface.

The One Health Joint Action Plan (OH JPA)

The five-year plan (2022-2026) focuses on supporting and expanding capacity in six areas: One Health Health systems capacity, emerging and re-emerging zoonotic epidemics, endemic zoonoses, neglected tropical and vector-borne diseases, food safety risks, antimicrobial resistance and the environment.

This technical document is based on evidence, best practice and existing guidance. It covers a range of actions that seek to advance One Health at global, regional and national levels. These actions include in particular the development of forthcoming implementation guidelines for States, international partners and non-State actors such as civil society organisations, professional associations, academia and research institutions.

The plan sets out operational objectives that include: providing a framework for collective and coordinated action to integrate the One Health approach at all levels; providing ex ante policy and legislative advice and technical assistance to support the setting of national goals and priorities; and promoting multi-national, multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary cooperation, learning and exchange of knowledge, solutions and technologies. It also promotes the values ​​of cooperation and shared responsibility, multi-sectoral action and partnership, gender equality and inclusion.

Why One Health?

One Health is the primary approach to addressing the complex health challenges facing our society, such as ecosystem degradation, food system failures, infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance.

“Using a One Health lens that brings together all relevant sectors is critical to addressing global health threats such as monkeypox, COVID-19 and Ebola.” WOAH Director General Dr Monique Eloit emphasized the need for improved capacity for disease prevention in all sectors. “It all starts with ensuring the health of the animals. Animal health is our health, it’s everyone’s health.”

FAO Director-General QU Dongyu adds, “One Health must start with proper land management and stopping deforestation that will help people and their animals in the environment. We need all sectors to work closely together to identify and implement adaptation and mitigation measures.”

UNEP Executive Director Inger Andersen says that “Everyone has the right to a clean and healthy environment – ​​the basis of all life on Earth. The current pandemic demonstrates unequivocally that the degradation of nature is increasing health risks everywhere.” The efforts of just one sector or specialty cannot prevent or eliminate infectious diseases and other complex threats to One Health. She continued: “Vulnerable populations of all kinds, including the poorest and most marginalized people, bear the heaviest costs. The Joint Action Plan will reduce health risks through an integrated approach to human, animal and environmental health.

“It is clear that the One Health approach must be central to our shared work to strengthen the world’s defenses against epidemics and pandemics such as COVID-19. That’s why One Health is one of the guiding principles of the new international agreement on pandemic prevention, preparedness and response that our member states are currently negotiating,” said WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

Building on existing structures and agreements, coordinated funding mechanisms are being developed to support the implementation of the plan. The Quadrilateral Group will join forces to mobilize the necessary resources to support a common approach to address critical health threats and promote human, animal, plant and environmental health.

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